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Alexander, Laura E. “Lutheran Thought, Civil Disobedience, and the New Sanctuary Movement.” In Strangers in this World: Multireligious Reflections on Immigration,           225-237. Edited by Hussam S. Timani, Allen G. Jorgenson and Alexander Y. Hwang. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2015.


Bagelman, Jennifer. Sanctuary City: A Suspended State. New York: Palgrave Macmillan: 2016.


———. "Sanctuary A Politics of Ease?." Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 38, no. 1 (2013): 49-62.


Bau, Ignatius. “The Legal Parameters of Sanctuary: Harboring and Alien Smuggling.” In Defense of the Alien 9 (1986): 167-175.


———. This Ground is Holy: Church Sanctuary and Central American Refugees. New York: Paulist Press, 1985.


Begaj, Pamela. "Analysis of Historical and Legal Sanctuary and a Cohesive Approach to the Current Movement, An Comment." John Marshall Law Review 42 (2008):               135-164.


Bekemeyer, Aaron. "The Acme of the Catholic Left: Catholic Activists in the US Sanctuary Movement, 1982-1992." PhD diss., University of Michigan, 2012.


Bilke, Corrie. “Divided We Stand, United We Fall:  A Public Policy Analysis of Sanctuary Cities’ Role in the Illegal Immigration Debate.” Indiana Law Review 42, no.               1 (2009): 165-194.


Blight, David W. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railway in History and Memory. Washington: Smithsonian Books, 2004.


Bordewich, Fergus M. Bound for Canaan: The Underground Railroad and the War for the Soul of America. New York: Amistad, 2005.


Briesmaster, Allan and Steven Michael Berzensky. Eds. Crossing Lines: Poets Who Came to Canada in the Vietnam War Era. Hamilton: Seraphim Editions, 2008.


Brooks Arnold, David. “Sanctuary: An Impasse.” In Defense of the Alien 7 (1984): 140-144.


Burman, Jenny. “Absence, ‘Removal,’ and Everyday Life in the Diasporic City: Antidentention/Antideportation Activism in Montréal.” Space and Culture 9, no. 3                       (August 2006): 279-293.


Caminero-Santangelo, Marta. “The Voice of the Voiceless: Religious Rhetoric, Undocumented Immigrants, and the New Sanctuary Movement in the United States.” In                 Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 92-105. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New                 York: Routledge, 2013.


———. “Responding to the Human Costs of US Immigration Policy: No More Deaths and the New Sanctuary Movement.” Latino Studies 7.1 (Spring 2009): 112-122.


Campbell, Laura. “‘Women United Against the War’: Gender Politics, Feminism, and Vietnam Draft Resistance in Canada.” In New World Coming: The Sixties and the                 Shaping of Global Consciousness, 339-346. Edited by Karen Dubinsky, Catherine Krull, Susan Lord, Sean Mills and Scott Rutherford. Toronto: Between the                     Lines, 2009.


Carro, Jorge L. "Sanctuary: The Resurgence of an Age-Old Right or Dangerous Misinterpretation of an Abandoned Ancient Privilege." University of Cincinnati Law                     Review 54 no. 3 (1985): 747-778.


Christy, Jim, ed. The New Refugees: American Voices in Canada. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates Limited, 1972.


Churchill, David S. “Draft Resisters, Left Nationalism, and the Politics of Anti-Imperialism.” Canadian Historical Review 93, no. 2 (June 2012): 227-260.


———. “American Expatriates and the Building of Alternative Social Space in Toronto, 1965-1977.” Urban History Review 48, no. 1 (Fall 2010): 31-44.


———. “An Ambiguous Welcome: Vietnam Draft Resistance, the Canadian State, and Cold War Containment.” Social History/Histoire sociale 27, no. 73 (2004): 1-26.


Cook, Maria Lorena. “‘Humanitarian Aid Is Never a Crime’: Humanitarianism and Illegality in Migrant Advocacy.” Law & Society Review 45, no. 3 (2011): 561-592.


Corbett, Jim. “Sanctuary, Basic Rights and Humanity’s Fault Lines”. Weber Studies 5, no. 1 (1988).


———. Borders and Crossings. Vol. 1: Some Sanctuary Papers, 1981-86. Tucson: Tucson Refugee Support Group, 1986.


———. “One Year After: Some Thoughts on Sanctuary.” In ¡Basta! Sanctuary Organizer’s Nuts and Bolts Supplement. Chicago: Chicago Religious Task Force, 1983.


Coutin Susan Bibler. “Falling Outside: Excavating the History of Central American Asylum Seekers.” Law & Social Inquiry 36, no. 3 (2011): 569-596.


———. “Smugglers or Samaritans in Tucson, Arizona: Producing and Contesting Legal Truth.” American Ethnologist 22 (1995): 549-71.


———.  “Enacting Law through Social Practice: The U.S. Sanctuary Movement as a Mode of Resistance.” In Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance, 282-                     303. Edited by Susan Hirsch and Mindie Lazarus-Black. New York: Routledge, 1994.


———. The Culture of Protest: Religious Activism and the U.S. Sanctuary Movement. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.


———. “The Chicago Seven and the Sanctuary Eleven: Conspiracy and Spectacle within U.S. Courts.” PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 16, no. 3                        (1993): 19-28.


Crittenden, Ann. Sanctuary: A Story of American Conscience and Law in Collision. New York: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988.


Cunningham, Hilary. “The Emergence of the Ontario Sanctuary Coalition: From Humanitarian and Compassionate Review to Civil Initiative.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 162-174. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


———. “Transnational Social Movements and Sovereignties in Transition:Charting New Interfaces of Power at the U.s.-mexico Border”. Anthropologica 44, no.2  (                      2002): 185–96. 


———. "Sanctuary and Sovereignty: Church and State Along the U.S.-Mexico Border." Journal of Church and State 40, no. 2 (1998): 371–387.


———. God and Caesar at the Rio Grande: Sanctuary and the Politics of Religion. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.


Czajka, Agnes. “The Potential of Sanctuary: Acts of Sanctuary Through the Lens of Camp.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship,               and Social Movements. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Darling, Jonathan. "A City of Sanctuary: The Relational Re‐imagining of Sheffield’s Asylum Politics." Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 35, no.                         1 (2010): 125-140.


Darrow, Joseph. “Criminalizing Love of Thy Immigrant Neighbor: The Conflict between Religious Exercise and Alabama’s Immigration Laws.” Georgetown                                 Immigration Law Journal 26, no. 1 (Fall 2011): 161-180.


Davidson, Miriam. Convictions of the Heart: Jim Corbett and the Sanctuary Movement. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1988.


Dickerson, James. North to Canada: Men and Women against the Vietnam War. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999.


Emerick, Kenneth Fred. War Resisters Canada: The World of the American Military-Political Refugees. Knox: Pennsylvania Free Press, 1972.


Epp, Frank H. Ed. I Would Like to Dodge the Draft-Dodgers, But… Waterloo: Conrad Press, 1970.


Fauriol, G. “Refuge from Reality: The Sanctuary Movement and Central America.” The Humanist (March 1986): 10-14.


Feen, Richard H. “Church Sanctuary: Historical Roots and Contemporary Practice.” In Defense of the Alien 7 (1984): 132-139.


Ferrell, Jack F., and Gregory L. Wiltfang. “The Sanctuary Movement on Stage: The Politics and Morality of a Central and North American Drama.” Review of                               Latin American Studies 1 (1988): 11-20.


Ferris, E. "The Churches, Refugees, and Politics." In Refugee and International Relations, 159-177. Edited by G. Loescher and L. Monahan. New York:                                          Oxford University Press, 1989.


Foley, Michael S. Confronting the War Machine: Draft Resistance during the Vietnam War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.


Freeland, Gregory. “Negotiating Place, Space and Borders: The New Sanctuary Movement.” Latino Studies 8.4 (Winter 2010): 485-508.


Garcia, Maria Cristina. “‘Dangerous Times Call for Risky Responses’: Latino Immigration and Sanctuary, 1981-2001.” In Latin Religions and Civic Activism in the                      United States. Edited by Gastón Espinosa,  Virgilio P. Elizondo and Jesse Miranda. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.


Gerety, T. “Sanctuary: A Comment on the Ironic Relation between Law and Morality.” In The New Asylum Seekers: Refugee Law in the 1980’s, 159-80. Edited by                      D. Martin. London: Martinus Nijhoff, 1988.


Gibson, M. "Public Goods, Alienation, and Political Protest: The Sanctuary Movement as a Test of the Public Goods Model of Collective Rebellious Behavior."                            Political Psychology 12, no. 4 (1991): 623–651.


Golden, Renny. “Sanctuary and Women.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 2, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 131-149.


Golden, Renny and Michael McConnell. Sanctuary: The New Underground Railroad. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1986.


Grahl-Madsen, Atle. “Sanctuary: Legal Aspects.” In Defense of the Alien 9 (1986): 189-199.


Greer, Colleen. "Ideology as Response: Cultural and Political Process in the Sanctuary Movement." Social Thought and Research 20, no. 1-2 (1997):109–128.


Haig-Brown, Alan. Hell No We Won’t Go: Vietnam Draft Resisters in Canada. Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1996.


Hagan, John. Northern Passage: American Vietnam War Resisters in Canada. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.


———. “Narrowing the Gap by Widening the Conflict: Power Politics, Symbols of Sovereignty, and the American Vietnam War Resisters' Migration to Canada.” Law &              Society Review 34, no. 3 (2000): 607-650.


Hagan, John and I. Bernstein. “Conflict in Context: The Sanctioning of Draft Resisters. 1963-1976.” Social Problems 27 (1979): 109-122.


Hayes, Thomas Lee. American Deserters in Sweden: The Men and Their Challenge. New York: Association Press, 1971.


Herrera, Irma D. “The Sanctuary Movement: When Religion and Politics Collide.” Los Angeles Lawyer 7, no. 8 (November 1984): 22-37.


Hildreth, A. "The Importance of Purposes in 'Purposive Groups': Incentives and Participation in the Sanctuary Movement." American Journal of Political Science 38, no.              2 (1994): 447–463.


Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette. God’s Heart Has No Borders: How Religious Activists Are Working for Immigrant Rights. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.


———. Religion and Social Justice for Immigrants. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2006.


Hull, Elizabeth. “The Sanctuary Movement: The Fight of the Cross and the Flag.” Migration Today 13, no. 5 (1985): 6-16.


Irazábal, Clara and Grace R. Dyrness. “Promised Land?: Immigration, Religiosity, and Space in Southern California.” Space and Culture 13, no. 4 (2010): 356-375.


Jean, Rael. “The Sanctuary Movement and the Jews.” Midstream 32, no. 5 (1986): 5-12.


Jeffrey, Jaclyn. “When the Mail Gets Confiscated, Is It Still Oral History? The Baylor Sanctuary Movement Project.” International Journal of Oral History 10, no.                          2 (1989): 93-109.


Jones, Joseph. Contending Statistics: The Numbers for US Vietnam War Resisters in Canada. Vancouver: Quarter Sheaf, 2008.


———. Happenstance and Misquotation: Canadian Immigration Policy, 1966-1974, the Arrival of U.S. Vietnam War Resisters, and the Views of Pierre Trudeau.                          Vancouver: Quarter Sheaf, 2008.


Kasinsky, Renée G. Refugees from Militarism: Draft-Age Americans in Canada. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1976.


Kent, Stephen A. and James V. Spickard. “The ‘Other’ Civil Religion and the Tradition of Radical Quaker Politics.” Journal of Church and State 36, no. 2 (1994):373-                  387.


Killmer, Richard L., Robert S. Lecky and Debrah S. Wiley. They Can’t Go Home Again: The Story of America’s Political Refugees. Philadelphia: Pilgrim Press, 1971.


Kotin, Stephanie, Grace Dyrness and Clara Irazábal. “Immigration and Integration: Religious and Political Activism For/With Immigrants in Los Angeles.” Progress                      in Development Studies 11, no. 4 (2011): 263-284.


Kusch, Frank. All American Boys: Draft Dodgers in Canada from the Vietnam War. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001.


Levine, Saul V. “Draft Dodgers: Coping with Stress, Adapting to Exile.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 42, no. 3 (April 1972): 434-435.


Lippert, Randy K. “Wither Sanctuary?” Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees 26, no. 1 (2009): 57-67.


——— Sanctuary, Sovereignty, Sacrifice: Canadian Sanctuary Incidents, Power, and Law. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005.


———. “Rethinking Sanctuary: The Canadian Context, 1983-2003.” The International Migration Review 39, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 381-406.


———. “Sanctuary Practices, Rationalities, and Sovereignties.” Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 29, no. 5 (Nov-Dec 2004): 535-555.


———. “Rationalities and Refugee Resettlement.” Economy and Society 27, no. 4 (1998): 380-406.


Lorber, Benjamin. “Creating Sanctuary: Faith-Based Activism for Migrant Justice.” Tikkun 28, no. 3 (Summer 2013): 41-45.


Lorentzen, Robin. Women in the Sanctuary Movement. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.


MacEoin, Gary, ed. Sanctuary: A Resource Guide for Understanding and Participating in the Central American Refugees' Struggle. San Francisco: Harper and                               Row, 1985.


Mancina, Peter. “The Birth of a Sanctuary-City: A History of Governmental Sanctuary in San Francisco.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives:                            Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 205-218. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada, 6th edition. Toronto: Toronto Anti-Draft Programme, 1971.


Marfleet, Philip. “Understanding ‘Sanctuary’: Faith and Traditions of Asylum.” Journal of Refugee Studies 24, no. 3 (2011): 440-455.


Massman, Ann M. “Documenting 20th Century Chicano/a Grassroots Activism in the Southwest.” Latino Studies 4.1 (Spring-Summer 2006): 147-153.


Matas, David. The Sanctuary Trial. Winnipeg: Legal Research Institute of the University of Manitoba, 1989.


———. "Canadian Sanctuary," Refuge, 18, no. 2 (1988):14–17.


Maxwell, Donald W. “Religion and Politics at the Border: Canadian Church Support for American Vietnam War Resisters.” Journal of Church and State 48, no. 4                           (2006): 807-829.


McBride, Keally. “Sanctuary San Francisco: Recent Developments in Local Sovereignty and Spatial Politics.” Theory & Event 12, no. 4 (2009).


McDonald, Jean. “Building a Sanctuary City: Municipal Migrant Rights in the City of Toronto.” In Citizenship, migrant activism and the politics of movement., 129-                      145. Edited by Peter Nyers and Kim Rygiel. New York: Routledge, 2012.


McElmurry, Sara E. “Elvira Arellano: No Rosa Parks: Creation of ‘Us’ Versus ‘Them’ in an Opinion Column.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences 31, no. 2 (May                    2009): 182-203.


Michels, David H. and David Blaikie. “‘I Took Up the Case of the Stranger’: Arguments from Faith, History and Law.” In Sanctuary Practices in                                                      International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 28-42. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Mitchell, Christopher. "The theory and practice of sanctuary." in Zones of Peace, 1-28. Edited by Landon Hancock and Christopher Mitchell. Bloomfield, CT:                                   Kumarian Press, 2007. 


Montel, Adeline. “Une breve histoire du ‘Sanctuary Movement’: Les refugies d’Amerique Centrale aux  U.S.A.” Revue Francaise d'Etudes Americaines 14, no. 1                           (1989): 329-334.


Mosqueda, Lawrence J. “Twentieth Century Arizona, Hispanics, and the Catholic Church.” U.S. Catholic Historian 9, no 1-2 (1990): 87-103.


Nelson, Jeffrey and Mary Ann Flannery. "The Sanctuary Movement: A Study in Religious Confrontation." The Southern Communication Journal 55 (1990): 372–387.


Nickel, James W. “Sanctuary, Asylum and Civil Disobedience”. In Defense of the Alien 8 (1985): 176–87. 


Nyers, Peter. "No One is Illegal Between City and Nation." Studies in Social Justice 4, no. 2 (2011): 127-143.


Otter, Elna and Dorothy Pine. The Sanctuary Experience: Voices of the Community. San Diego: Aventine Press, 2004.


Park, Kristin. "The Religious Construction of Sanctuary Provisions in Two Congregations." Sociological Spectrum 18, no. 4 (1998): 393–421.


———. "The Sacrifice Theory of Value: Explaining Activism in Two Sanctuary Congregations." Sociological Viewpoints 12 (1996): 35–50.


Passaro, Geralyn and Janet Phillips. “Sanctuary: Reconciling Immigration Policy with Humanitarianism and the First Amendment.” University of Miami Inter-                               American Law Review 18, no. 1 (Fall 1986): 137-172.


Patsias, Caroline and Nastassia Williams. “Religious Sanctuary in France and Canada.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship,                       and Social Movements, 175-188. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Perla Jr., Hector and Susan Bibler Coutin. “Legacies and Origins of the 1980s US-Central American Sanctuary Movement.” In Sanctuary Practices in International                         Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 73-91.  Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Phelps, Teresa Godwin. “No Place to Go, No Story to Tell: The Missing Narratives of the Sanctuary Movement.” Washington and Lee Law Review 48, no. 1 (Winter                     1991): 123-138.


Pirie, Sophie H. "Origins of a Political Trial: The Sanctuary Movement and Political Justice, The." Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities 2 (1990): 381-416.


Price, Matthew, “Politics or Humanitarianism: Recovering the Political Roots of Asylum.” Georgetown Immigration Law Journal 19, no. 2 (2004): 277-312.


Puga, Ana Elena. “Migrant Melodrama and Elvira Arellano.” Latino Studies 10.3 (Autumn 2012): 355-384.


Rabben, Linda. Give Refuge to the Stranger : The Past, Present, and Future of Sanctuary. Walnut Creek, CA, USA: Left Coast Press, 2011. 


Rehaag, Sean. “Bordering on Legality: Canadian Church Sanctuary and the Rule of Law.” Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees 26, no. 1 (2009): 43-56.


Ridgley, Jennifer. “The City as a Sanctuary in the United States.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social                                          Movements. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


———. "Refuge, Refusal, and Acts of Holy Contagion: The City as a Sanctuary for Soldiers Resisting the Vietnam War." ACME: An International 

              E-Journal for Critical Geographies 10, no. 2 (2011): 189-214.


———. "Cities of refuge: Citizenship, legality and exception in US sanctuary cities." PhD diss., University of Toronto, 2010.


———. "Cities of refuge: Immigration enforcement, police, and the insurgent genealogies of citizenship in US sanctuary cities." Urban Geography 29, no. 1 

              (2008): 53-77.


Rodgers, Kathleen. Welcome to Resisterville: American Dissidents in British Columbia. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2014.


Rose, Ananda. Showdown in the Sonoran Desert: Religion, Law, and the Immigration Controversy. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Ryan, William C. “The Historical Case for the Right of Sanctuary.” Journal of Church and State 29 (1987): 209-232.


Schmidt, Paul W. “Sanctuary: The Alternatives.” In Defense of the Alien 9 (1986): 182-188.


Schreiber, Rebecca M. "Confronting Regimes of Legality in Sanctuary City/Ciudad Santuario, 1989–2009." Radical History Review 2012, no. 113 (2012): 81-98.


Scott, Carl-Gustaf. “Swedish Sanctuary of American Political Deserters During the Vietnam War: A Facet of Social Democratic Domestic Politics.”                                                  Scandinavian Journal of History 26, no. 2 (June 2001): 123-142.


Shoeb, Marwa, Harvey M. Weinstein and Jodi Halpern. “Living in Religious Time and Space: Iraqi Refugees in Dearborn, Michigan.” Journal of Refugee Studies 20, no.               3 (2007): 441-60.


Shoemaker, Karl. “Sanctuary for Crime in Early Common Law.” In Sanctuary Practices in International Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 15-               27. Edited by Randy K. Lippert and Sean Rehaag. New York: Routledge, 2013.


———. Sanctuary and Crime in the Middle Ages, 400-1500. New York: Fordham University Press, 2011.


Simms, Adam. “Running an Underground Railroad: The U.S. Government V. the Sanctuary Movement.” Present Tense: The Magazine of World Jewish Affairs 13, no. 4               (1986): 18-27.


Skinner, D.E. “UUA Signs on to New Sanctuary Movement.” UU World: The Magazine of the Unitarian Universalist Association 21, no. 3 (2007).


Smith, Christian. Resisting Reagan: The U.S. Central America Peace Movement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.


Squires, Jessica. Building Sanctuary: The Movement to Support Vietnam War Resisters in Canada, 1965-73. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2013.


Squire, Vicki and Jennifer Bagelman. “Taking Not Waiting: Space, Temporality, and Politics in the City of Sanctuary Movement.”  In Citizenship, migrant activism and               the politics of movement., 129-145. Edited by Peter Nyers and Kim Rygiel. New York: Routledge, 2012.


———. "From Community Cohesion to Mobile Solidarities: the City of Sanctuary Network and the Strangers into Citizens Campaign." Political Studies 59, no.                           2 (2011): 290-307.


Stackert, Jeffrey. “Why Does Deuteronomy Legislate Cities of Refuge? Asylum in the Covenant Collection (Exodus 21:12-14) and Deuteronomy (19:1-13).” Journal                     of Biblical Literature 125, no. 1 (2006): 23–49.


Stanton, Samuel S. and Jared M. Walczak. “Do Unto Others, or Watch over Your Shoulder: Tracing Sanctuary and Illegal Immigration as a Church and State Issue.”                     Grove City College Journal of Law & Public Policy 2, no 1. (2010):137-176.


Stastny, C. "Sanctuary and the State." Contemporary Crises 11 (1987): 279–301.


———. “The Roots of Sanctuary.” Refugee Issues: BRC/QEH Working Papers on Refugees 2, no. 4 (1985): 19-39.


Stastny, C. and G. Tyranauer. "Sanctuary in Canada." In The International Refugee Crisis: British and Canadian Responses, 175-195. Edited by V. Robinson. London:                   MacMillan, 1993. 


Stoltz Chinchilla, Norma, Nora Hamilton and James Loucky. “The Sanctuary Movement and Central American Activism in Los Angeles.” Latin American Perspectives                36, no. 6 (November 2009): 101-126.


Stuelke, Patricia. “The Reparative Politics of Central American Solidarity Movement Culture.” American Quarterly 66, no. 3 (September 2014): 767-790.


Surrey, David Sterling. Choice of Conscience: Vietnam Era Military and Draft Resisters in Canada. New York: Praeger, 1982.


Tabb, William K. Churches in Struggle: Liberation Theologies and Social Change in North America. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1986.


Tomsho, Robert. The American Sanctuary Movement. Austin: Texas Monthly Press, 1987.


Tramonte, Lynn. "Debunking the Myth of “Sanctuary Cities”. Community Policing Policies Protect American Communities (2011).


United Church of Canada. Sanctuary for Refugees?: A Guide for Congregations. Etobicoke: Division of Mission in Canada, 1997.


Uribe-Uran, Victor M. “"iglesia Me Llamo": Church Asylum and the Law in Spain and Colonial Spanish America”. Comparative Studies in Society and History 49, no.               2(2007): 446–72. 


Villarruel, Kathleen L. "The Underground Railroad and the Sanctuary Movement: A Comparison of History, Litigation, and Values." Southern California Law Review 60             (1986): 1429.


Villazor, Rose Cuison. "Sanctuary Cities and Local Citizenship." Fordham Urban Law Journal 37 (2010): 573-598.


Wall, Byron. Manual for Draft-Age Immigrants to Canada, 5th edition. Toronto: House of Anansi, 1970.


Westerman, William. "Religious folklife and folk theology in the Sanctuary Movement." Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 1, no. 2 (2010): 96-113.


Williams, Roger Neville. The New Exiles: American War Resisters in Canada. New York: Liveright Publishers, 1971.


Wilson, E. “Much to Be Proud of, Much to be Done: Faith-Based Organizations and the Politics of Asylum in Australia.” Journal of Refugee Studies 24, no. 3                             (2011): doi:10.1093/jrs/fer037.


Wiltfang, Gregory and John Cochran. "The Sanctuary Movement and the Smuggling of Undocumented Central Americans into the United States: Crime, Deviance,                      or Defiance?" Sociological Spectrum 14 (1994):101– 128.


Wiltfang, Gregory and Doug McAdam. "The Costs and Risks of Social Activism: A Study of Sanctuary Movement Activism." Social Forces, 69, no. 4 (1991): 987–                     1010.


Yarnold, B. "The Role of Religious Organizations in the U.S. Sanctuary Movement." In The Role of Religious Organizations in Social Movements, 16-46. Edited by                       B.Yarnold. New York: Praeger, 1991.


Yaroshefsky, Ellen. “The Tucson Trial and Its Legal Consequences for Asylum Seekers”. In Defense of the Alien 9. (1986): 176–81. 


Young, Jay. “Defining a Community in Exile: Vietnam War Resister Communication and Identity in AMEX, 1968-1973.” Histoire sociale/Social history 44, no. 87                       (May 2011): 115-146.


Young, Julie E. E. “Seeking Sanctuary in a Border City: Sanctuary Movement(s) Across the Canada-US Border.” In Sanctuary Practices in International                                        Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements, 232-244. Edited by Randy K. Lippert. New York: Routledge, 2013.


Yukich, Grace. “I Didn’t Know if this was Sanctuary’: Strategic Adaption in the U.S. New Sanctuary Movement.” In Sanctuary Practices in International                                       Perspectives: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Movements. Edited by Randy K. Lippert. New York: Routledge, 2013.


———. One Family Under God: Immigration Politics and Progressive Religion in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

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